Athletes who use substances or use prohibited methods are exposed to enormous risk and may suffer economic, legal and social consequences, in addition to seriously harming their health.


Physical: Depending on the type of substance, the dose and the regularity of its administration, these means can have very serious side effects on health. Some of the damage inflicted on the body cannot be reversed, while other side effects can even seriously endanger the lives of athletes.

Psychic: Some prohibited substances not only produce physical side effects, but can also modify and harm the psyche of people. Anxiety and hallucinations and even chronic psychoses are some of the proven effects that doping can produce

Social: The negative repercussions of positive doping controls can affect athletes for life: doping not only implies a health risk, but also the loss of admiration, respect and credibility. Once a positive has been registered, the negative results obtained later are often questioned by the media and the athlete's environment. The bad reputation endures in the collective consciousness, the athlete is left alone. Those who dope not only deceive others, but also themselves.


Violation of anti-doping provisions, especially in elite sport, can result in fines and the obligation to return money from sponsors and prizes. Those athletes who are prohibited from dedicating themselves to their discipline for several years or forever can no longer earn a living in the same way and, in the worst case, end up in debt, since they must continue to pay their current expenses or even repay high sums of money


Doping can have serious legal consequences: people related to doping can suffer penalties that ban them for life from sports competitions and federated training. When it is first established that an athlete has doped, they are generally banned from doing so for several months.

If you violate anti-doping regulations again, you will most likely not be able to play sport at a professional level again in your lifetime. In the case of football, if positives are detected in a team, the entire team may be disqualified. At the 1994 World Cup in the United States, Diego Armando Maradona had to leave the tournament because he tested positive for ephedrine. In some countries, those who dope can even be prosecuted outside of the sports field and end up being punished with prison terms.

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